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REGIONAL LINKS DIRECTORY

 
 
 

Welcome to the GIN regional links directory.

The regional directory is categorised under nine major geographic regions. Each region contains a list of websites specifically relating to the chosen region.

All websites listed here have been individually chosen based on their quality of content and appropriateness to the specific region they represent. All links contained within this directory are regularly checked to ensure they are currently available and do not lead to broken or missing links. If you do happen to come across a broken link please let us know - email our webmaster describing the offending link and we promise to attend to it at our earliest opportunity.


 
 
  ANTARCTIC 

  Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses & Petrels 
  Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research 
  Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition 
  Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre 
  Antarctic Krill Conservation Project 
  Antarctic Marine Geology Research Facility 
  Antarctic Ocean Alliance 
  Antarctic Protected Areas Database 
  Antarctic Research Trust 
  Antarctic Treaty Secretariat 
  Antarctica New Zealand 
  Australian Antarctic Division 
  Belgian Polar Platform 
  Biota Australis Terrestris 
  British Antarctic Survey 
  Byrd Polar Research Center 
  Coalition of Legal Toothfish Operators 
  Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources 
  Committee for Environmental Protection 
  Cool Antarctica 
  Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs 
  Environmental Reserarch & Assessment 
  Forum for the Conservation of the Patagonian Sea 
  Gateway Antarctica 
  Heritage Antarctica 
  Institut Polaire Francais 
  Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies 
  International Antarctic Institute 
  International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators 
  International Forum on the Sub-Antarctic 
  International Polar Foundation 
  Italian Antarctic Research Programme 
  Oceanites 
  Our Far South 
  Polar Conservation Organisation 
  Project GloBAL 
  Save the Albatross 
  SCAR Antarctic Digital Database 
  SCAR Marine Biodiversity Information Network 
  Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research 
  Scott Polar Research Institute 
  South African National Antarctic Programme 
  South Atlantic Environmental Research Institute 
  Southern Oceans Seabird Study Association 
  Southern Seabird Solutions Trust 
  Terres Australes et Antarctiques Francaises 
  The 50 South Trust 
  The Antarctic Circle 
  The Foundation for Antarctic Research 
  The Joint Australian Centre for Astrophysical Research in Antarctica 
  The Polar Earth Observing Network 
  The Southern Ocean 
  United States Antarctic Resource Center 
       

  ARCTIC 

The Arctic is an ocean more or less surrounded by land - just the opposite of the Antarctic, which is a huge land mass surrounded by water. The Arctic region generally refers to a rather large land area round the North Pole but the ocean is nearly five times as large as the Mediterranean and is covered with drifting ice which is sometimes 30m thick. Between Greenland and the Canadian mainland is Baffin Island, together with many smaller islands.
       

  BALTIC 

An inland sea of northern Europe, the Baltic is nearly 1,600km in length. It lies between Sweden on the west, Finland and the former USSR on the east, and Poland and Germany on the south. It has three main gulfs - the Gulf of Bothnia, the Gulf of Finland and the Gulf of Riga. Navigation in the Baltic has never been easy. The Danish channels and many of the harbours are too shallow for larger ships and wide areas are regularly frozen over for two months of the winter.
       

  CARIBBEAN 

The Caribbean Sea is bounded by the West Indies, the east coast of Central America and the north coast of South America. It is nearly 2,400km long and from 650 to 1,100km wide. The many islands surrounding the Caribbean are really the peaks of mountains submerged beneath the sea. After the completion of the Panama Canal in 1914, this sea became one of the busiest waterways in the world, lying on the main route between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
       

  INDIAN OCEAN 

This is the third largest ocean in the world - after the Pacific and Atlantic oceans - and covers an area of 73,555,715sq km. The Indian Ocean is bordered by Africa on the west, India on the north and Australia on the east, but to the south there is open sea as far as the Antarctic. The southern half of the Indian Ocean has no large islands except Madagascar. Those in the northern half include Sri Lanka and Socotra besides many smaller ones.
       

  MEDITERRANEAN 

The Mediterranean Sea is almost landlocked, being joined with the open Atlantic Ocean only by the narrow Strait of Gibraltar. It lies between Europe and Africa and is more than 3,220km long. The north side of the Mediterranean is broken up by the Adriatic and Aegean seas as well as by the peninsulas of Italy and Greece. Most of the islands are in the northern part of the sea. In 1869 the Suez Canal was opened, thus making the Mediterranean the shortest sea route between Europe and the East.
       

  NORTH ATLANTIC 

The northern half of the world's second largest ocean is rich in islands, varied coastline and tributary seas. On the west are the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Hudson Bay and Baffin Bay. To the east are the Mediterranean, the Black Sea, the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. As well as purely oceanic islands there are those which rise from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, including the Azores. Other islands such as The Canaries and Madeira rise from Africa's continental margins.
       

  PACIFIC 

The Pacific is the largest and deepest of all the oceans with an area of 165 million square kilometres, an area greater than that of all the world's lands put together. At its greatest width the Pacific measures 17,220km. It extends from the Bering Straits of the Arctic Circle, to Cape Adare, Antarctica, a distance of 15,450km. There are very few islands in the eastern Pacific. Its northern and western borders are fringed with chains of islands including The Aleutians, The Kurils and the Ryukus. The Inner Pacific islands are divided into three main groups - Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia.
       

  SOUTHEAST ASIA 

Southeast Asia is the name for the peninsular area of the Asian continent that lies between India and China, and stretches south along a chain of islands towards Australia. The countries of mainland Southeast Asia are Malaysia, Burma, Vietnam, Laos, Kampuchea, Thailand and Singapore. Further south lies insular (island) Southeast Asia. This is made up of thousands of islands containing the countries of the Philippines, Brunei, Indonesia and East Timor.