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Welcome to the GIN regional links directory.

The regional directory is categorised under nine major geographic regions. Each region contains a list of websites specifically relating to the chosen region.

All websites listed here have been individually chosen based on their quality of content and appropriateness to the specific region they represent. All links contained within this directory are regularly checked to ensure they are currently available and do not lead to broken or missing links. If you do happen to come across a broken link please let us know - email our webmaster describing the offending link and we promise to attend to it at our earliest opportunity.


The world's coldest and most inaccessible region consists of an ice-covered continent, Antarctica, centred on the South Pole and surrounding this, the vast Southern Ocean, which is largely covered by floating pack ice. The Antarctic is much colder than the Arctic and its only inhabitants are visiting scientists. Various nations claim different parts of the Antarctic mainland. In 1959, twelve nations signed the Antarctic Treaty and agreed that Antarctica should be used for peaceful purposes only.


The Arctic is an ocean more or less surrounded by land - just the opposite of the Antarctic, which is a huge land mass surrounded by water. The Arctic region generally refers to a rather large land area round the North Pole but the ocean is nearly five times as large as the Mediterranean and is covered with drifting ice which is sometimes 30m thick. Between Greenland and the Canadian mainland is Baffin Island, together with many smaller islands.


An inland sea of northern Europe, the Baltic is nearly 1,600km in length. It lies between Sweden on the west, Finland and the former USSR on the east, and Poland and Germany on the south. It has three main gulfs - the Gulf of Bothnia, the Gulf of Finland and the Gulf of Riga. Navigation in the Baltic has never been easy. The Danish channels and many of the harbours are too shallow for larger ships and wide areas are regularly frozen over for two months of the winter.


  Association of Caribbean MediaWorkers 
  Association of Caribbean States 
  Association of Caribbean Universities & Research Institutes 
  Association of Caribbean University, Research & Institutional Libraries 
  Association of Marine Laboratories of the Caribbean 
  Blue Finance 
  Caribbean Agricultural Research & Development Institute [CARDI] 
  Caribbean Alliance for Sustainable Tourism 
  Caribbean Amerindian Centrelink 
  Caribbean Association for Feminist Research and Action 
  Caribbean Association of National Telecommunication Organizations 
  Caribbean Bat Research 
  Caribbean Biodiversity Fund 
  Caribbean Birding Trail 
  Caribbean Centre for Development Administration [CARICAD] 
  Caribbean Centre for Money and Finance 
  Caribbean Climate Online Risk and Adaptation Tool 
  Caribbean Coastal Data Centre 
  Caribbean Coastal Scenarios 
  Caribbean Coastline Change & Management 
  Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre 
  Caribbean Community Secretariat [CARICOM] 
  Caribbean Conference of Churches 
  Caribbean Conservation Network 
  Caribbean Council 
  Caribbean Development Bank 
  Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency 
  Caribbean Disaster Information Network 
  Caribbean Electric Utility Service Corporation 
  Caribbean Energy Information System 
  Caribbean Environmental Health Institute 
  Caribbean Epidemiology Centre 
  Caribbean Export Development Agency 
  Caribbean Fishery Management Council 
  Caribbean Food Crops Society 
  Caribbean Forest Conservation Association 
  Caribbean Geology and Tectonics 
  Caribbean Green Technology Center 
  Caribbean Home Page 
  Caribbean Hotel & Tourism Association 
  Caribbean Hurricane Network 
  Caribbean Information Portal on Renewable Energy 
  Caribbean Institute for Meteorology & Hydrology 
  Caribbean Institute for Sustainable Development 
  Caribbean Invasive Alien Species Network 
  Caribbean Journal of Science 
  Caribbean Knowledge and Learning Network 
  Caribbean Knowledge Management Centre 
  Caribbean Landscape Conservation Cooperative 
  Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem Project 
  Caribbean Lionfish Response Network 
  Caribbean Marine Atlas 
  Caribbean Marine Protected Areas Management 
  Caribbean Marine Protected Areas Network and Forum 
  Caribbean Maritime Institute 
  Caribbean Media Exchange on Sustainable Tourism 
  Caribbean Natural Resources Institute 
  Caribbean Network for Integrated Rural Development 
  Caribbean News Now 
  Caribbean Newspapers 
  Caribbean Open Institute 
  Caribbean Policy Development Centre 
  Caribbean Policy Research Institute 
  Caribbean Protected Areas Gateway 
  Caribbean Recycling Foundation 
  Caribbean Regional Environmental Programme 
  Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism 
  Caribbean Regional Negotiating Machinery 
  Caribbean Regional Research Plan 
  Caribbean Renewable Energy Development Programme 
  Caribbean Research & Policy Centre 
  Caribbean Risk Management Initiative 
  Caribbean Shipping Association 
  Caribbean Site Directory 
  Caribbean SPAW Protocol 
  Caribbean Spiders 
  Caribbean Studies Association 
  Caribbean Tourism Organization 
  Caribbean Water and Wastewater Association 
  CARIBSAT Project 
  Central American Commission on Environment & Development 
  Clean Islands International 
  Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance 
  Eastern Caribbean Cetacean Network 
  Eastern Caribbean Coalition for Environmental Awareness 
  eBird Caribbean 
  ECLAC Subregional HQ for the Caribbean 
  Eco Travels in the Caribbean 
  Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean [ECLAC] 
  Environmental Protection in the Caribbean 
  Flora of the Greater Antilles 
  Flora of the West Indies 
  Global Water Partnership Caribbean 
  Green Antilles 
  Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute 
  Institute of Caribbean Studies 
  Integrating Watershed & Coastal Areas Management in Caribbean SIDS 
  Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network 
  Inter-American Development Bank 
  International Strategy for Disaster Reduction in Latin America and the Caribbean 
  IOCARIBE: IOC Sub-commission for the Caribbean and adjacent regions 
  Island Resources Foundation 
  IUCN SSC Iguana Specialist Group 
  Journal of Caribbean Environmental Sciences and Renewable Energy 
  Latin America Bureau 
  Latin American Network Information Centre 
  Museums Association of the Caribbean 
  OECS Environment and Sustainable Development Unit 
  Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States 
  Orrin's Caribbean Index 
  Pan American Health Organization 
  Panos Caribbean 
  Parks Caribbean 
  Periferia [Architecture & Urban Design in the Caribbean] 
  Perry Institute for Marine Science 
  Plants of the Eastern Caribbean 
  Regional Disaster Information Center Latin America and the Caribbean 
  Renewable Energy Caribbean 
  Repeating Islands 
  ScubaMom's Gateway to Caribbean Vacation Information 
  Sea Turtle Conservancy 
  Society for Caribbean Studies (UK) 
  SocMon Caribbean 
  Southern Caribbean Cetacean Network 
  Support Caribbean Bananas 
  The Panos Institute Caribbean 
  The Trust for Sustainable Livelihoods 
  Turtles in the Caribbean Overseas Territories 
  U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Caribbean Islands 
  UNESCO CSI Caribbean 
  University of the Virgin Islands Eastern Caribbean Center 
  University of the West Indies [Cave Hill Campus] 
  University of the West Indies [Mona Campus] 
  University of the West Indies [St Augustine Campus] 
  Using Seabirds in Caribbean Marine Planning 
  UWI Centre for Caribbean Land and Environmental Appraisal Research 
  UWI Centre for Marine Sciences 
  UWI Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies 
  UWI Seismic Research Unit 
  UWI Sustainable Economic Development Unit 
  UWI The Diplomatic Academy of the Caribbean 
  Water Centre for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean 
  West Indian Amphibians & Reptiles [CARIBHERP] 
  West Indian Breeding Seabird Atlas 
  Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Conservation Network 
  Wider Caribbean Solid Waste and Recycling Alliance 


This is the third largest ocean in the world - after the Pacific and Atlantic oceans - and covers an area of 73,555,715sq km. The Indian Ocean is bordered by Africa on the west, India on the north and Australia on the east, but to the south there is open sea as far as the Antarctic. The southern half of the Indian Ocean has no large islands except Madagascar. Those in the northern half include Sri Lanka and Socotra besides many smaller ones.


The Mediterranean Sea is almost landlocked, being joined with the open Atlantic Ocean only by the narrow Strait of Gibraltar. It lies between Europe and Africa and is more than 3,220km long. The north side of the Mediterranean is broken up by the Adriatic and Aegean seas as well as by the peninsulas of Italy and Greece. Most of the islands are in the northern part of the sea. In 1869 the Suez Canal was opened, thus making the Mediterranean the shortest sea route between Europe and the East.


The northern half of the world's second largest ocean is rich in islands, varied coastline and tributary seas. On the west are the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Hudson Bay and Baffin Bay. To the east are the Mediterranean, the Black Sea, the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. As well as purely oceanic islands there are those which rise from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, including the Azores. Other islands such as The Canaries and Madeira rise from Africa's continental margins.


The Pacific is the largest and deepest of all the oceans with an area of 165 million square kilometres, an area greater than that of all the world's lands put together. At its greatest width the Pacific measures 17,220km. It extends from the Bering Straits of the Arctic Circle, to Cape Adare, Antarctica, a distance of 15,450km. There are very few islands in the eastern Pacific. Its northern and western borders are fringed with chains of islands including The Aleutians, The Kurils and the Ryukus. The Inner Pacific islands are divided into three main groups - Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia.


Southeast Asia is the name for the peninsular area of the Asian continent that lies between India and China, and stretches south along a chain of islands towards Australia. The countries of mainland Southeast Asia are Malaysia, Burma, Vietnam, Laos, Kampuchea, Thailand and Singapore. Further south lies insular (island) Southeast Asia. This is made up of thousands of islands containing the countries of the Philippines, Brunei, Indonesia and East Timor.