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Welcome to the GIN regional links directory.

The regional directory is categorised under nine major geographic regions. Each region contains a list of websites specifically relating to the chosen region.

All websites listed here have been individually chosen based on their quality of content and appropriateness to the specific region they represent. All links contained within this directory are regularly checked to ensure they are currently available and do not lead to broken or missing links. If you do happen to come across a broken link please let us know - email our webmaster describing the offending link and we promise to attend to it at our earliest opportunity.


The world's coldest and most inaccessible region consists of an ice-covered continent, Antarctica, centred on the South Pole and surrounding this, the vast Southern Ocean, which is largely covered by floating pack ice. The Antarctic is much colder than the Arctic and its only inhabitants are visiting scientists. Various nations claim different parts of the Antarctic mainland. In 1959, twelve nations signed the Antarctic Treaty and agreed that Antarctica should be used for peaceful purposes only.


The Arctic is an ocean more or less surrounded by land - just the opposite of the Antarctic, which is a huge land mass surrounded by water. The Arctic region generally refers to a rather large land area round the North Pole but the ocean is nearly five times as large as the Mediterranean and is covered with drifting ice which is sometimes 30m thick. Between Greenland and the Canadian mainland is Baffin Island, together with many smaller islands.


An inland sea of northern Europe, the Baltic is nearly 1,600km in length. It lies between Sweden on the west, Finland and the former USSR on the east, and Poland and Germany on the south. It has three main gulfs - the Gulf of Bothnia, the Gulf of Finland and the Gulf of Riga. Navigation in the Baltic has never been easy. The Danish channels and many of the harbours are too shallow for larger ships and wide areas are regularly frozen over for two months of the winter.


The Caribbean Sea is bounded by the West Indies, the east coast of Central America and the north coast of South America. It is nearly 2,400km long and from 650 to 1,100km wide. The many islands surrounding the Caribbean are really the peaks of mountains submerged beneath the sea. After the completion of the Panama Canal in 1914, this sea became one of the busiest waterways in the world, lying on the main route between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.


This is the third largest ocean in the world - after the Pacific and Atlantic oceans - and covers an area of 73,555,715sq km. The Indian Ocean is bordered by Africa on the west, India on the north and Australia on the east, but to the south there is open sea as far as the Antarctic. The southern half of the Indian Ocean has no large islands except Madagascar. Those in the northern half include Sri Lanka and Socotra besides many smaller ones.


The Mediterranean Sea is almost landlocked, being joined with the open Atlantic Ocean only by the narrow Strait of Gibraltar. It lies between Europe and Africa and is more than 3,220km long. The north side of the Mediterranean is broken up by the Adriatic and Aegean seas as well as by the peninsulas of Italy and Greece. Most of the islands are in the northern part of the sea. In 1869 the Suez Canal was opened, thus making the Mediterranean the shortest sea route between Europe and the East.


The northern half of the world's second largest ocean is rich in islands, varied coastline and tributary seas. On the west are the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Hudson Bay and Baffin Bay. To the east are the Mediterranean, the Black Sea, the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. As well as purely oceanic islands there are those which rise from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, including the Azores. Other islands such as The Canaries and Madeira rise from Africa's continental margins.


  Agricultural Development in the American Pacific 
  Asia Pacific Data Research Centre 
  Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies 
  Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation [APEC] 
  Asia-Pacific Network 
  Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research 
  Asia-Pacific Network on Climate Change 
  Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania 
  Australian Association for the Advancement of Pacific Studies 
  BirdLife Pacific Programme 
  Central Pacific Island Environments 
  Centre for Asia Pacific Social Transformation Studies 
  Centre for Pacific & Asian Studies, University of Nijmegen, Netherlands 
  Centre for Pacific Island Studies, University of Hawaii 
  Centre for Pacific Studies, University of Auckland 
  Centre for Research and Documentation on Oceania 
  Centre for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture 
  Climate Change Research Centre, University of New South Wales 
  College of Asia & the Pacific, Australian National University 
  Community Environmental Research in the Pacific Islands 
  Coral Reef Initiatives for South Pacific 
  Corredor Marino del PacĂ­fico Este Tropical 
  Cultural Heritage Centre for Asia and the Pacific 
  Diversitas in Western Pacific and Asia (DIWPA) 
  e-Pacific Island Countries 
  East-West Center 
  Eco-Consult Pacific 
  European Consortium for Pacific Studies 
  European Society for Oceanists 
  Foundation of the Peoples of the South Pacific International 
  Healthy Living in the Pacific Islands 
  Indo-Pacific Conservation Alliance 
  International Marinelife Alliance 
  International Pacific Research Centre 
  IUCN Oceania Programme 
  Jane's Oceania Home Page 
  Japanese Society for Oceanic Studies 
  Kagoshima University Research Center for the Pacific Islands 
  Macmillan Brown Centre for Pacific Studies, University of Canterbury 
  Micronesia Challenge 
  National Library of Australia Digitised Pacific Resources Gateway 
  Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific 
  NOAA Pacific Islands Regional Office 
  NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory 
  North Pacific Marine Science Organization 
  North Pacific Ocean Theme Page 
  Northwest Pacific Region Environmental Cooperation Centre 
  Oceania Development Network 
  Oceanic Archaeology Laboratory 
  Pacific Agriculture Value Chain 
  Pacific Aquaculture Cooperatives International 
  Pacific Arts Association 
  Pacific Asia Travel Association 
  Pacific Basin Economic Council 
  Pacific Beat 
  Pacific Biodiversity Information Forum 
  Pacific Biological Survey 
  Pacific Birds 
  Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development 
  Pacific Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency 
  Pacific Climate Change Portal 
  Pacific Climate Change Science 
  Pacific Climate Education Partnership 
  Pacific Data Hub 
  Pacific Disaster Center 
  Pacific Disaster Net 
  Pacific Economic Cooperation Council 
  Pacific Environment Portal 
  Pacific Europe Network for Science and Technology 
  Pacific Forum 
  Pacific Institute of Public Policy 
  Pacific Invasives Initiative 
  Pacific Invasives Learning Network 
  Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk 
  Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center 
  Pacific Island Travel 
  Pacific Islanders Cultural Association 
  Pacific Islanders in Communications 
  Pacific Islands Association of Libraries, Archives and Museums 
  Pacific Islands Association of Non-Government Organisations 
  Pacific Islands Development Program 
  Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency 
  Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat 
  Pacific Islands Global Climate Observing System 
  Pacific Islands Managed & Protected Areas Community 
  Pacific Islands Marine Portal 
  Pacific Islands News Association 
  Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System 
  Pacific Islands Protected Area Portal 
  Pacific Islands Report 
  Pacific Islands Research Institute 
  Pacific Islands Roundtable for Nature Conservation 
  Pacific Islands Society of the UK and Ireland 
  Pacific Islands Telecommunications Association 
  Pacific Magazine 
  Pacific Media Centre 
  Pacific Network for Environmental Assessment 
  Pacific Network on Globalisation 
  Pacific Ocean Initiative 
  Pacific Organic & Ethical Trade Community 
  Pacific Peoples Partnership 
  Pacific Power Association 
  Pacific Regional Information System 
  Pacific Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments 
  Pacific Science Association 
  Pacific Seabird Group 
  Pacific Studies WWW Virtual Library 
  Pacific Water 
  Pacific Water Quality Association 
  Pacific-Asia Biodiversity Transect Network 
  ReefBase Pacific 
  Resource Management in Asia-Pacific Program 
  Rod Ewins Just Pacific 
  School of Pacific and Asian Studies, University of Hawaii at Manoa 
  Secretariat of the Pacific Community 
  Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme 
  SOPAC Environmental Vulnerability Index 
  South Pacific Organizer 
  South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation 
  South Pacific Sea Level and Climate Monitoring Project 
  South Pacific Tourism Organisation 
  Southwest States & Pacific Islands Regional Water Quality Program 
  SPC Applied Geoscience and Technology Division (SOPAC) 
  SPC Oceanic Fisheries Programme 
  Sustainable Energy Industry Association of the Pacific Islands 
  Taori's Pacific Islands Info Site 
  The Foundation for Development Cooperation 
  The Pacific Community (SPC) 
  U.S. Dept of the Interior Office of Insular Affairs 
  U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Pacific Islands 
  UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific 
  UNDP Asia-Pacific Development Information Programme 
  UNDP Suva Office 
  UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific 
  University of the South Pacific 
  US National Park Service Pacific Island Network 
  Water and Environmental Research Institute of the Western Pacific 
  Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council 
  World Health Organization Western Pacific Region 
  WWF South Pacific Programme 


Southeast Asia is the name for the peninsular area of the Asian continent that lies between India and China, and stretches south along a chain of islands towards Australia. The countries of mainland Southeast Asia are Malaysia, Burma, Vietnam, Laos, Kampuchea, Thailand and Singapore. Further south lies insular (island) Southeast Asia. This is made up of thousands of islands containing the countries of the Philippines, Brunei, Indonesia and East Timor.